Posts associated with "Cancer Prevention"

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ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Community Spotlight

I was diagnosed with breast cancer in December 2018 and was found to be PALB2+. The PALB2 gene had not been tested for when my older sister was diagnosed with breast cancer and had genetic testing done four years earlier. This was new! My cancer was very similar to my sister’s, but being PALB2+ changed …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/spotlightnlw2020/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Ovarian Cancer Screening in BRCA1 Carriers

A new study of Polish BRCA1 carriers showed that screening through transvaginal ultrasound was not effective or  reliable in detecting ovarian cancer early. Consequently, preventive oophorectomy remains the only proven method to lower ovarian cancer risks and increase survival. Check out the article at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31500890. Check out the NCCN ovarian cancer screening recommendations for BRCA1 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11720/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Polygenic Risk Scores

A Polygenic Risk Score (PRS) is calculated using genetic differences throughout someone’s DNA, in combination with clinical and family history of cancer. This unique type of score may be utilized to calculate the lifetime risk of breast cancer. Important facts about PRS’s: Different from BRCA1/2 testing, which look for changes in these specific genes Should …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11420/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Prevention of Colorectal Cancer Among Individuals with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)

Through a randomized trial, patients with FAP were treated with sulindac and erlotinib versus placebo for 6 months. Results of the study showed that those treated with sulindac and erlotinib had 70% fewer polyps than those in the placebo group. The lower number of polyps was seen in both those with an intact colorectum and …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/9nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Ronald D. Alvarez, MD, MBA who is Professor, Chairman, and Clinical Service Chief of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee. Dr. Alvarez has been the recipient of several National Cancer Institute (NCI) and other industry funded grants in support of his …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/10nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

Cancer Chemoprevention in Individuals with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)

Prior research has demonstrated that NSAIDs significantly reduce colonic and rectal polyp burden among individuals with FAP although their impact on outcomes remains to be determined.1,2 Recent data extended these results to the small intestine through completion of a randomized clinical trial among patients with FAP which demonstrated that use of sulindac and erlotinib compared …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

The Importance of Sharing Genetic Test Results with Family Members

Once an individual has had genetic testing for inherited cancer predisposition this information could help their close family members.  For example, when a BRCA mutation or a mutation in another inherited cancer gene is found, it is important for close family members (with or without a diagnosis of cancer) to know so they too can …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

Advances in Preventive and Treatment Approaches for Individuals with Lynch Syndrome

A study of over 1800 individuals with a mutation in one of the Lynch Syndrome genes was recently completed to assess whether aspirin and ibuprofen use may reduce colon cancer risk. Results showed that in those who took aspirin or ibuprofen for between 1 month and 4.9 years, the colon cancer risks were lower than …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed to Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Over the course of his career, he has profoundly shaped …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

Is Breast Cancer Risk Affected by Timing of Oral Contraceptives in BRCA1 Carriers?

Although oral contraceptives (OC) reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in BRCA carriers,1 it is possible that they may raise breast cancer risk. Thus it is important to understand whether age at OC use is a factor when determining impact on breast cancer risk. To address this question, a recent study (which included data from …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

New Study to Suggest Benefits of Oophorectomy in BRCA Mutation Carriers

A recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology reported that prophylactic oophorectomy resulted in reducing the risk of ovarian cancer by 80%, and reduced all-cause mortality by 77%.1 The authors reported results on almost 5800 women, of whom 186 developed either ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer. Women who had bilateral oophorectomy had …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Tamoxifen May Reduce Contralateral Breast Cancer Risk in BRCA Carriers

There have been suggestions that Tamoxifen may reduce risks for contralateral breast cancer (i.e., breast cancer in the other breast) in BRCA carriers if taken after the initial breast cancer diagnosis, based mainly on retrospective studies. Only one prospective study has looked at this question, and showed that Tamoxifen may be useful in BRCA2, but …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Oophorectomy Following Menopause

Prior studies have indicated that removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes reduces the ovarian cancer risk by ~80% and breast cancer risk by ~50%, particularly when performed pre-menopausally. However a recent case control study of 2854 pairs of women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation with or without breast cancer showed that the risk …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2013

Points to Consider Regarding Bilateral Salpingectomy as a Risk Reduction Procedure for Ovarian Cancer

Over the last few years, there has been evidence to suggest that a substantial proportion of ovarian cancer may start in the fallopian tubes, although some cancer clearly arises in the ovary.  As a result, removal of both fallopian tubes (called ‘bilateral salpingectomy’) has been suggested as an interim procedure to reduce risk in BRCA …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Ask the Expert: What are the recommendations for screening following prophylactic surgeries?

The following questions were addressed by Drs. Pal and Lancaster at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. What are the recommendations for screening following prophylactic surgeries? A. In BRCA mutation carriers, bilateral prophylactic mastectomy reduces the risk of breast cancer by over 90%. It essentially lowers the risk of breast cancer to below that of the …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2012/