Posts associated with "BRCA1"

image_print

ICARE Social Media Post September 2020

Biallelic Mutations in BRCA1 Cause Fanconi Anemia

BRCA1 is not typically thought to be one of the genes which cause Fanconi anemia. However, rare cases of individuals with biallelic BRCA1 mutations (mutations in both copies of the gene) have been reported. One case involved a woman who had breast cancer at age 23, and was born with multiple birth defects consistent with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post90120/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

Older Women with Breast Cancer Have Higher Risks of Ovarian and Other Cancers

Among 4,500 post-menopausal women with breast cancer, 3.55% had a mutation in a gene associated with inherited breast cancer (3-fold higher than what was seen among women who were cancer-free). BRCA1/2 mutations were seen more frequently in women diagnosed with breast cancer at or below age 65 (2.21%) compared to those diagnosed after age 65 …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post82820/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

MRI Surveillance Has Very Low Yield After Bilateral Mastectomy and Reconstruction

A study of 159 women, including BRCA carriers, who had bilateral mastectomy with reconstruction, underwent breast MRI screening. The results showed few women had detection of breast cancer through MRI, after their bilateral mastectomy. These results support the recommendation against screening MRI in women who have had bilateral mastectomy with reconstruction due to a diagnosis …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post81820/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2020

Identifying Individuals At-Risk for Inherited Cancer

We have known for a while that many people who have mutations in BRCA1/2 and other inherited cancer risk genes are unaware of their mutation as they have not yet had genetic testing. A recent study among women aged 20 or older living in California and Georgia, which included almost 80,000 breast cancer patients and …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2020/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2020

Treatment Advances Among BRCA1/2 Carriers

There continue to be ongoing advances in treatment studies among those with inherited cancer gene mutations, which are rapidly being followed by FDA approval for specific cancer treatments. Select studies and advances are summarized below: BRCA1/2 Carriers:  Breast Cancer: For those with later stage or metastatic breast cancer, the FDA currently has approvals for the use …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2020/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2020

Guideline-Concordant Care Among Women with Inherited Cancer Gene Mutations

Testing for inherited cancer among breast cancer patients has tremendous potential to guide appropriate care following testing. Yet, a number of efforts suggest that women are not consistently receiving care according to current national guidelines based on their genetic test result. In fact, results from studies suggest many women for whom risk-reducing mastectomy would not …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2020/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

Presymptomatic BRCA1/2 Carriers May Have Better Outcomes

Check out the article at: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaoncology/article-abstract/2768011

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post80720/

ICARE Social Media Post July 2020

Cancer Risks in Men with BRCA1 and BRCA2 Pathogenic Variants

Check out the article at: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaoncology/article-abstract/2767423

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post73120/

ICARE Social Media Post July 2020

BRCA1/2 and Other Gene Carriers with Breast Cancer Don’t Always Receive Recommended Treatment

BRCA1/2 and other gene mutation carriers with early stage breast cancer are not always receiving cancer treatment as recommended by national guidelines. Even though more and more people have been tested for hereditary cancer over the years, using this information accurately to guide treatment has not been as successful. These findings highlight the need for …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post71020/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Advances in Treatment for BRCA-Mutated Triple Negative Breast Cancer

In a study of 914 women with different breast cancer subtypes, overall pathologic complete response rates were: Higher in those with BRCA1/2 mutations (60.4% versus 46.7%) No differences were seen in those with mutations in other inherited cancer genes Among patients with triple-negative breast cancer, BRCA1/2 mutations had highest response rates to treatment in both …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post61920/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Advances in BRCA1/2 Breast Cancer Treatment

Through a randomized phase 2 study (called the INFORM trial) among BRCA1/2 carriers with breast cancer, cisplatin was no better in inducing pathologic complete remission compared to AC. The pathologic complete remission rate was 18% for cisplatin and 26% for AC. Cisplatin is not better than other chemotherapy for induction therapy for breast cancers in …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post61220/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Advances in Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer: Cisplatin + Gemcitabine

In BRCA1/2 or PALB2 carriers with stage 3 or 4 pancreatic cancer, the combination of cisplatin + gemtricitabine with veliparib (a PARP inhibitor), did NOT seem to provide additional benefit over cisplatin + gemtricitabine alone. Through this phase 2 randomized control trial, response rates in both treatment arms were high with similar overall survival rates. …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post60520/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Community Spotlight: Terry Arnold

June is Cancer Survivor Month! In every ICARE Newsletter we feature an ICARE participant as a community spotlight. Our latest community spotlight in our Summer 2017 ICARE Newsletter is Terry Arnold, who was found to have a BRCA1 mutation after a breast cancer diagnosis. Check out her story at: https://inheritedcancer.net/community-spotlight/

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post60220/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Platinum Based Chemotherapy for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

A recent study found that patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer who had mutations in the DNA repair genes (either inherited or just in the tumor) had better clinical outcomes after platinum-based chemotherapy compared to patients without these mutations. Check out the link to full article: https://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2020/05/20/1078-0432.CCR-20-0418

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post52920/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Cancer Risk Management Among Female BRCA1/2, PALB2, CHEK2, and ATM Carriers in ICARE

A new article was recently published based on data from BRCA1/2, PALB2, CHEK2, and ATM carriers in ICARE. Findings suggest potential overtreatment through risk-reducing surgery among women with pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in breast cancer genes. This highlights the importance of promoting guideline-adherent, risk-appropriate care. Check out the full article at https://rdcu.be/b4mbg

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post52620/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Advances in Treatment for Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Olaparib

On May 19, 2020 the FDA approved the use of olaparib (Lynparza) as treatment in BRCA and other gene carriers (homologous recombination repair genes) with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have been treated with enzalutamide or abiraterone. Link to full article: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-approvals-and-databases/fda-approves-olaparib-hrr-gene-mutated-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post52220/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Advances in Treatment for Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Rucaparib

On May 15, 2020 the FDA approved the use of rucaparib (Rubraca) as treatment in BRCA carriers with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have been treated with androgen receptor-directed therapy and a taxane-based chemotherapy. Link to full article: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/fda-grants-accelerated-approval-rucaparib-brca-mutated-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post51920/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Advances in Ovarian Cancer Treatment for BRCA1/2 Carriers: Olaparib & bevacizumab

On May 8, 2020 the FDA approved the use of olaparib (Lynparza) as first-line maintenance treatment in BRCA1/2 carriers (deleterious or suspected deleterious mutations) and/or a genomic instability, with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer who are in complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Link to full article: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-approvals-and-databases/fda-approves-olaparib-plus-bevacizumab-maintenance-treatment-ovarian-fallopian-tube-or-primary

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post51220/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Advances in Ovarian Cancer Treatment for BRCA1/2 Carriers: Olaparib

In recognition of World Ovarian Cancer Day, we’d like to share some exciting results from a study of women with ovarian cancer and a BRCA mutation: In a recent phase III trial, olaparib (PARP inhibitor) showed improved response and progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy (without platinum) in BRCA carriers with platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer who …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post50820/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Advances in Treatment for Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Olaparib

Findings from a recent study showed that olaparib (PARP inhibitor) significantly improved progression-free survival in patients with BRCA1, BRCA2, or ATM genetic alterations. Benefits were also more broadly seen among patients with homologous recombination repair gene defects. Link to full article: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1911440 Check out the ASCO post article at: https://www.ascopost.com/news/may-2020/olaparib-for-patients-with-mcrpc-and-homologous-recombination-repair-gene-alterations/

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post50620/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

Advances in Treatment for Ovarian Cancer in BRCA1/2 Carriers: Niraparib

On April 29, 2020 the FDA approved the use of niraparib (Zeluja) as first-line maintenance treatment in BRCA1/2 carriers with advanced ovarian cancer! More details available at: https://www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-approvals-and-databases/fda-approves-niraparib-first-line-maintenance-advanced-ovarian-cancer

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post42920/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

ASCO Guideline: Genetic Testing for Ovarian Cancer

The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recently published a guideline reinforcing the longstanding recommendation that all women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) be offered genetic testing for hereditary ovarian cancer genes. Many of these women (>15%) have an inherited mutation, most commonly BRCA1 or BRCA2. Identifying BRCA1/2 mutations may help guide cancer treatment. …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post41720/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

BRCA1: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: BRCA1 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Breast cancer risk: Elevated at 60%-70% – Recommend clinical breast exam every 6-12 months starting at age 25, annual breast MRI with contrast starting at age 25, and annual mammogram with consideration of tomosynthesis starting at age 30; consider risk-reducing mastectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post41420/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Treatment Advances Among Those with Inherited Prostate Cancer Predisposition

A recent study reported a high complete response rate among men with a BRCA1/2 mutation with metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer who were treated with niraparib (a PARP inhibitor) of 63% compared to 17% in the non-BRCA1/2 group.1 Based on this data, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) granted breakthrough therapy designation to niraparib on October 3, …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Treatment Advances Among Those with Inherited Pancreatic Cancer Predisposition

Results from a recent study showed olaparib (a PARP inhibitor) nearly doubled the progression-free survival in BRCA1/2 carriers with metastatic pancreatic cancer.1 Based on this data, the FDA approved the use of olaparib as a first-line maintenance treatment in BRCA1/2 carriers with metastatic, platinum-sensitive pancreatic cancer. This represents another treatment advance in pancreatic cancer and …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Updated Pancreatic Cancer Screening Guidelines through CAPS Consortium

The International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium recently published updated recommendations about pancreatic cancer screening through MRI/magnetic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and/or an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS).1 Specifically, these guidelines now recommend that individuals with a CDKN2A or STK11 mutation begin screening at age 40. Screening for individuals with a BRCA1/2, ATM, PALB2, MLH1, or …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Ask the Expert

Through each newsletter, we give our participants an opportunity to have their questions answered by experts. If you have a question you would like addressed, please email the study team at ICARE@InheritedCancer.net for consideration in future newsletters. The following question was addressed by Ben Ho Park, MD, PhD, who is the Donna S. Hall Chair …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/8nlw2020/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Ovarian Cancer Risks in BRCA1/2

The risk of ovarian cancer is raised in women with BRCA1/2 mutations. Recent findings suggest that higher body mass index (BMI) may further raise the risk of ovarian cancer in premenopausal BRCA1/2 carriers. Note that all women with BRCA1/2 mutations are at high risk for ovarian cancer, and should follow current National Comprehensive Cancer Network …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post21820/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Characteristics and Patterns of Spread for BRCA-associated Breast Cancers

BRCA1/2 have distinct characteristics and patterns of spread. A recent study evaluated the characteristics of BRCA1/2 carriers and found that 73% ofBRCA1-associated breast cancers were triple negative; and 72% of BRCA2-associated breast cancers were hormone receptor positive. There were also distinct pattern of spread of breast cancer, with BRCA1 carriers more likely to experience lung …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post21320/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Differences in Pancreatic Cancer Screening Recommendations from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium recently updated pancreatic cancer screening recommendations. However, there are some differences between these recommendations. Specifically, screening with annual MRI/magnetic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and/or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is recommended as follows for NCCN versus CAPS: STK11 regardless of family history: …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post2620/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Updated Pancreatic Cancer Screening Guidelines through the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium

The International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium recently published updated pancreatic cancer screening recommendations. The recommendations include: Screening with MRI/magnetic retrograde cholangiopancreaography (MRCP) and/or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) The screening was recommended for the following individuals: CDKN2A and STK11 mutation carriers starting at age 40 BRCA1/2, ATM, PALB2, MLH1, and MSH2 mutation carriers (if …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post2420/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Ovarian Cancer Screening in BRCA1 Carriers

A new study of Polish BRCA1 carriers showed that screening through transvaginal ultrasound was not effective or  reliable in detecting ovarian cancer early. Consequently, preventive oophorectomy remains the only proven method to lower ovarian cancer risks and increase survival. Check out the article at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31500890. Check out the NCCN ovarian cancer screening recommendations for BRCA1 …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11720/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Racial Disparities in Genetic Testing for Women with Ovarian Cancer

Women of non-European ancestry diagnosed with ovarian cancer have lower rates of referral for genetic testing despite current national guidelines stating ALL women with ovarian cancer and/or a close-blood relative with ovarian cancer should be offered genetic counseling and testing. One study reported that only 1/3 of Black, Latina, and Asian women were referred for …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11620/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Women with BRCA1/2: Risk-reducing Mastectomy versus Screening

In a study of 5000 healthy female BRCA1/2 carriers (without a breast cancer diagnosis): BRCA1 carriers: after an average of over 10 years follow-up, survival was higher in those who had bilateral mastectomy (99.7%) compared to those who had breast screening through mammograms and breast MRIs (93%). BRCA2 carriers: no significant differences were seen between …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11020/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Celebrating 10 Years of ICARE

  Happy New Year! 2020 represents a decade for ICARE We are celebrating 10 years of research, education, and engagement, through which we have enrolled nearly 3500 participants, including over 2000 gene mutation carriers, disseminated 15 newsletters, led and collaborated on multiple research projects, and impacted individuals affected by inherited cancer predisposition all over the …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post1920/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Advances in Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer in BRCA Carriers

The FDA approved the use of olaparib, a PARP inhibitor, as first-line maintenance treatment in BRCA1/2 carriers with metastatic, platinum-sensitive, pancreatic cancer. Platinum-sensitive cancer is a cancer that responds to treatment with drugs that contain the metal platinum, such as carboplatin or cisplatin. Olaparib showed to nearly double the progression-free survival in BRCA1/2 carriers with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post1320/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

Evaluation of PARP Inhibitors in BRCA-Associated Prostate Cancer

The FDA granted breakthrough therapy designation to niraparib (a PARP inhibitor) for the treatment of men with BRCA1/2 positive, metastatic castration-resistant, and heavily pre-treated prostate cancer. Results from a recent study show a 63% complete response rate in men with BRCA1/2 positive, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with niraparib compared to 17% in the non- …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post122019/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

Patient Reported Outcomes In A Study of PARP Inhibitors in BRCA Carriers with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Did you know? PROs are impacting treatment advances in metastatic breast cancer. Olaparib increased progression-free survival among BRCA carriers with metastatic HER2- breast cancer. Thanks to patient reported outcomes, a new study now suggests it also improved patients’ quality of life! Check it out the new article published in October 2019 directly at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31446213!

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post12819/

ICARE Social Media Post November 2019

High Frequency of BRCA in Unselected Women with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Did you know? National practice guidelines currently recommend ALL women with metastatic (HER2-) breast cancer to get genetic testing for inherited cancer (including BRCA1/2 testing), because it can guide eligibility for treatment with PARP inhibitors. A new study led by our colleague at the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Dr. Ben Park, suggests that more women with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post110719/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Lifestyle Factors Associated with Familial and Inherited Breast Cancer Risks

Body mass index (BMI) is an indicator of fat content in the body. A lower body mass index may reduce breast cancer risk in women, including those with a family history of breast cancer. However, a new study reported that higher BMI also increases breast cancer risk in the general population and those with a …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post102919/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Physical Activity Associated with Familial and Inherited Breast Cancer Risks

BRCA1/2 carriers may benefit from physical activity to reduce breast cancer risks, just like women in the general population! We know that women in the general population benefit from physical activity to reduce their breast cancer risk, but a recent study showed that this benefit also extends to those with a BRCA1/2 mutation and those with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post102819/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

BRCA Testing In Black Women

Did you know? Although BRCA testing has been around for over TWO decades, not all populations have benefitted equally from testing. In fact, our previous research has shown that black patients are less aware of BUT interested in genetic testing…when they know about it. In addition, healthcare providers are less likely to identify and suggest …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post102419/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Advances in Treatment for Advanced Breast Cancer in BRCA Carriers

Monotherapy with PARP inhibitors is FDA-approved for patients with metastatic breast cancer with BRCA mutations. BUT, does adding additional drugs (called ‘combination therapy’) help? In BRCA carriers with metastatic breast cancer, the combination of veliparib AND chemotherapy with platinum-based agents (carboplatin) and taxanes (paclitaxel) led to a longer duration of progression free survival (disease that …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post101819/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Advances in Early Stage Breast Cancer Treatment for BRCA Carriers

New benefits from a PARP inhibitor, talazoparib, among BRCA carriers with early stage breast cancer. The current FDA approvals for the use of PARP inhibitors is limited to women with metastatic (stage IV) breast cancer. These drugs are being tested in early stage breast cancer to shrink down the tumor (called neoadjuvant treatment) before surgery …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post101519/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Male Breast Cancer Risk

Did you know? Beyonce’s father, Matthew Knowles, was diagnosed with breast cancer. He states, “we used to think this was only an issue for women, but this is male or female.” According to CBS news, “he is hoping that sharing his story as man with breast cancer will shine a light on the risk men …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post10619/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Gillian Hooker, PhD, ScM, LCGC, who is the president-elect for the National Society of Genetic Counselors, Adjunct Associate Professor in the Division of Genetic Medicine at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and the Vice President of Clinical Development for Concert Genetics in Nashville, TN. Q. Why was the BRCA1/2 …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/10nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

Ovarian Cancer Treatment Advances for BRCA1/2 Carriers

A recently reported study of women with ovarian cancer and homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) who received a PARP inhibitor (niraparib) as fourth line or later treatment showed potential clinical benefit. Specifically, median overall survival after treatment was 19 months in the HRD-positive group (including those with BRCA1/2 mutations) compared to 15.5 months in the HRD-negative …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

New Information About Cancer Risks for Inherited Cancer Genes: BRCA1/2

Looking at pregnancy history and breast cancer risk, a recent study of almost 8,000 women with BRCA1/2 mutations evaluated breast cancer risks related to pregnancy.1 Findings suggested the overall number of pregnancies was not associated with breast cancer risk in BRCA1 carriers; however, BRCA1 carriers with one pregnancy were at higher risk for breast cancer …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

Pancreatic Cancer Treatment Advances for BRCA1/2 Carriers

Results from a clinical trial of individuals with a BRCA1/2 mutation and pancreatic cancer showed that patients who received a PARP inhibitor (olaparib) for maintenance treatment had almost half the risk of their disease progressing when compared to receiving a placebo.1 In fact, after 2 years, 22.1% of patients who received olaparib had no disease …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

Expansion of Criteria for BRCA1/2 Testing through the USPSTF

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) came out with new genetic testing guidelines for the BRCA1/2 genes, which has garnered substantial media attention. This task force consists of a team of primary care and preventive medicine healthcare experts to lower the chance of a conflict of interest  (which is also the reason that subspecialty …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

Prostate Cancer Treatment Advances for BRCA1/2 Carriers

There is now information to suggest that identifying inherited mutations in DNA repair genes, such as BRCA1/2 and other genes, in men with metastatic prostate cancer may open doors for other treatment options. Results of a phase 2 clinical trial among men with metastatic and heavily pre-treated prostate cancer were presented at the American Society …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

Basal Cell Cancers May Be a Risk Factor to Predict Inherited Cancer Predisposition

An interesting area of progress to identify individuals with inherited risks included a study of over 13,000 individuals with six or more basal cell cancers (BCC) evaluated through a claims database. Results indicated ~20% of these individuals had a germline mutation in a DNA repair gene, including BRCA1/2, PALB2, and the Lynch syndrome genes, among …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/10nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

New Research and Approvals of PARP Inhibitor Drugs to Treat Prostate Cancer in BRCA Carriers

Treatment among patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: A PARP inhibitor (rucaparib) was granted a breakthrough therapy designation in October 2018 for monotherapy (i.e., sole treatment) among men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (with a BRCA1/2 mutation) who have received at least one prior androgen receptor-directed treatment and taxane-based chemotherapy. This designation was granted based …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Georgia Wiesner, MD, MS, a nationally renowned clinical cancer geneticist, who is an Ingram Professor of Cancer Research, Professor of Medicine in the Division of Genetic Medicine, and the Director of the Clinical and Translational Hereditary Cancer Program for the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center in Nashville, Tennessee. Q. What are …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/14nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

New Research and Approvals of PARP Inhibitor Drugs to Treat Breast Cancer in BRCA Carriers

Treatment among patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer: A PARP inhibitor (talazoparib) was approved by the FDA on October 16, 2018 for BRCA carriers with HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, based on results of the EMBRACA trial outlined in the last ICARE newsletter. Litton JK, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

New Research and Approvals of PARP Inhibitor Drugs to Treat Ovarian Cancer in BRCA Carriers

First line maintenance treatment among patients newly diagnosed with advanced ovarian cancer: The results of a trial using a PARP inhibitor (olaparib) as maintenance treatment among ovarian cancer patients with advanced disease, a BRCA mutation, and complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy showed that survival at 3 years was 60% among those who got …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

Testing Interpretation and Variant Reclassification

Results of germline genetic testing generally yield three types of test results: Deleterious (positive), Negative (no mutation detected), and Variant of Uncertain Significance (VUS). As more genes are tested, the chance for a positive result goes up, as does the chance of receiving a VUS result.1 VUS results tell us that it remains uncertain whether …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/15nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

New Online Risk Calculator to More Accurately Predict Breast Cancer Risk

Prediction of breast cancer risk is important to identify those at highest and lowest risks, to help guide screening. A previously developed risk algorithm called Breast and Ovarian Analysis of Disease Incidence and Carrier Estimation Algorithm (BOADICEA) was recently extended to include truncating mutations in the BRCA genes, PALB2, CHEK2, and ATM. This online risk …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/11nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

The Role of Inherited Genes Increasingly Recognized in Pancreatic Cancer

A number of recent studies have suggested that a substantial number of individuals with pancreatic cancer have a mutation in an inherited cancer gene.  In a study of over 300 patients with pancreatic cancer (and with one or two family members with pancreatic cancer), 12% were found to have a mutation in 1 of 11 …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Community Spotlight

I was aware from a very young age that breast cancer was part of our family. I knew that my great-grandmother (whom I never met) had breast cancer and my grandmother was diagnosed in her 50’s. While I didn’t grow up being afraid of the disease, I was far more aware of it than were …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/spotlightnls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Another PARP-Inhibitor Trial Among BRCA Carriers with Advanced Breast Cancer

In a Phase 3 clinical trial among BRCA carriers with advanced breast cancer, an oral PARP Inhibitor (talazoparib) was compared to standard chemotherapy.  Among those who received the PARP inhibitor, risk of disease progression or death was 46% lower, and the response rate was double. Furthermore, the side effect profile, quality-of-life measures, and breast cancer …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/8nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Ronald D. Alvarez, MD, MBA who is Professor, Chairman, and Clinical Service Chief of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee. Dr. Alvarez has been the recipient of several National Cancer Institute (NCI) and other industry funded grants in support of his …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/10nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Community Spotlight

A cancer diagnosis is a life-changing event for every patient and their extended family. However, how we respond to this diagnosis are as individual as our very existence as evidenced by our looks and personalities. Following my diagnosis of stage 4 prostate cancer in 2014 at age 54 which had spread to my bones, I …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/spotlightnlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Advances in the Understanding of Inherited Prostate Cancer

Findings through a recent study reported that inherited cancer gene mutations were present in 8.2% of those with advanced or metastatic prostate cancer, which provides additional support to include this group of men in broader testing, particularly as targeted treatments based on inherited gene mutations becomes increasingly available.1 Another recent study suggested that those with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/10nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Updates to NCCN Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian Guidelines

(Version 1.2018, posted Oct. 3, 2017) Metastatic prostate cancer was added as an indication for evaluation and testing for the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes Among BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53 and PTEN carriers, women between ages 25-29 may consider having an annual mammogram with consideration of tomosynthesis if a breast MRI is not available. Among female BRCA2 …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Refining Risks and Outcomes of Breast Cancer in BRCA Carriers

In an effort to further study breast cancer risks among BRCA carriers, a recently published study compared breast cancer risks among those with and without a close family member (first-degree relative) with breast cancer.1 Findings showed that risk for breast cancer by age 80 was 60.8% in BRCA1 carriers and 63.1% among BRCA2 carriers, with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

FDA Approval of PARP Inhibitor (Lynparza) for Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer

On January 12, 2018, the FDA approved the first PARP Inhibitor (Lynparza) for treatment in patients with advanced breast cancer due to inherited BRCA mutations.1 This drug is already approved for certain BRCA carriers for advanced ovarian cancer. PARP inhibitors were originally developed to target the specific pathway through which cancer develops among those with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Ingrid Meszoely is a breast surgeon and Clinical Director of the Vanderbilt Breast Center at One Hundred Oaks. She leads a high-risk clinic, through which she and her team of nurse practitioners manage patients with inherited breast cancer predisposition. Her research interests include both clinical and translational breast …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/8nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Study Suggests Inherited Cancer Genes Are Important in Pancreatic Cancer

In a recent study which included over 800 patients with pancreatic ductal cancer, inherited cancer gene mutations were found in a much higher proportion than expected. Almost 5% of these patients had mutations identified in inherited cancer genes, the majority of which were in genes thought to be associated with pancreatic cancer (including BRCA2, ATM, …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/9nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at the Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Q. In women with a BRCA mutation and …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risks Among BRCA Carriers Followed Over Time

Findings from an international study of over 6000 women with a BRCA1 mutation and almost 4000 women with a BRCA2 mutation followed for an average of 5 years were recently published.1 Results showed the risk of breast cancer by age 80 was ~70% for both BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers. Rates of breast cancer increased until …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

Community Spotlight

After a long rainy summer filled with doctor visits, I was finally diagnosed with triple-negative inflammatory breast cancer (TN IBC) at the age of 49. I completed treatment in June 2008 and was grateful to have a new phase to my vocabulary – NED, ‘no evidence of disease’. Since there was no cancer history in my …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/spotlightnls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

New Results of a PARP Inhibitor Study Among BRCA Carriers with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Over the last decade, a new class of drugs called “PARP Inhibitors” has been evaluated as a form of targeted treatment among BRCA carriers. Results were recently reported from a Phase 3 clinical trial among BRCA carriers with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who received two or less prior chemotherapy regimens for their metastatic disease. Study …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

What Are the Benefits of Adding a Mammogram to MRI for Breast Cancer Screening Among Women with BRCA Mutations?

Recently, researchers evaluated the benefit of adding a mammogram to MRI for breast cancer screening among ~2000 women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. Results indicated that the addition of mammography to MRI did not substantially raise the chance of detecting breast cancer in the overall group. However, one-third of breast cancer cases diagnosed among …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

Breast and Ovarian Cancer Associations for Genes Tested Through Multi-Gene Panels

As testing for multiple genes at the same time (“multi-gene panel testing”) has become increasingly available with tremendous advances in genetic testing technology, it has become critical to evaluate and refine cancer associations and levels of risk for many of these genes now tested. Through a commercial laboratory database of almost 100,000 results of multi-gene …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

Newly Approved PARP-Inhibitor (Rucaparib) to Treat BRCA Carriers with Ovarian Cancer

The FDA just approved another PARP inhibitor, rucaparib, for BRCA carriers with ovarian cancer who have already been treated with two or more chemotherapies. Among those with BRCA-mutant ovarian cancers, 54% had a partial or complete response to the drug with a median duration response of 9.2 months. The agency also approved a companion diagnostic …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

New Study Suggesting BRCA1/2 and ATM Are Associated with Aggressive Prostate Cancer

Among 799 patients with prostate cancer, the rate of BRCA1/2 mutations was much higher among those who passed away of prostate cancer (6.07%) compared to those with low risk disease (1.44%).1 Among the group that died of prostate cancer, those with BRCA1/2 or ATM mutations passed away at an earlier age and had a shorter …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at the Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Q. Does salpingo-oophorectomy reduce the risk of breast …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

How Does Having a Mother with Breast Cancer and a BRCA Mutation Affect Adolescent Girls?

A recent study compared psychosocial adjustment and risk perception among 11 to 19 year old daughters of women with breast cancer, comparing those with a BRCA mutation versus those without.1 The overall findings from the study were reassuring, suggesting that adolescent girls from BRCA-positive families had higher self-esteem and similar psychosocial adjustment compared to their …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

What Are the Endometrial Cancer Risks Among BRCA Carriers?

Although BRCA mutations confer increased risk for ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer, there have been limited and conflicting risks reported for endometrial cancer. Consequently, current practice guidelines only recommend the removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries as a risk-reducing option for BRCA carriers.1 Specifically, through a prospective study of 4500 women with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/9nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Christine Laronga at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. How should bone health be monitored in women with a BRCA mutation after removal of the ovaries (i.e., risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO))? A. Women with a BRCA mutation have a substantially high risk to develop ovarian cancer in their lifetime, yet …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/10nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

Inherited Cancer Genes and Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Several prior studies have suggested that men with a BRCA mutation (primarily BRCA2) tend to develop an aggressive form of prostate cancer that is more likely to metastasize. These findings were recently extended through a new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.1 In this study, almost 700 men with metastatic prostate cancer, …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

How Much Does Age at First Breast Cancer Affect the Risk of Contralateral Breast Cancer Risk in BRCA Carriers?

A recently published study of Dutch patients (including 200 BRCA1 carriers, 71 BRCA2 carriers, and 6023 non-carriers) showed that the contralateral breast cancer (breast cancer in the opposite breast) risks at 10 years was 21.1% for BRCA1, 10.8% for BRCA2, and 5.1% for non-carriers. Among BRCA mutation carriers, it was important to take age at …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Christine Laronga at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. As a BRCA carrier, is it reasonable for me to consider nipple-sparing mastectomy (compared to total mastectomy) to reduce my future risks of breast cancer? A. One  strategy to manage the high (60-70%) lifetime breast cancer risk among women with …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

Potential Use of PARP-Inhibitors Among Men with Prostate Cancer Who Carry a Mutation in BRCA or Other DNA-Repair Gene

A recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that PARP-Inhibitors may be of potential use in men who are no longer responding to standard treatments and carry either somatic (i.e., tumor) and/or germline (inherited) mutations in DNA-repair genes (i.e., BRCA1/2, ATM, Fanconi Anemia genes and CHEK2).1 Of 49 men with prostate …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

The Importance of Sharing Genetic Test Results with Family Members

Once an individual has had genetic testing for inherited cancer predisposition this information could help their close family members.  For example, when a BRCA mutation or a mutation in another inherited cancer gene is found, it is important for close family members (with or without a diagnosis of cancer) to know so they too can …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

More Information About the Inherited Component of Pancreatic Cancer

Although pancreatic cancer is one of the cancer types seen among individuals with mutations in inherited cancer genes (including BRCA2 and BRCA1), the proportion of individuals with pancreatic cancer who have an inherited cause has remained uncertain.  To further clarify the role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA), over 300 patients with pancreatic cancer were tested …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

Location and Type of BRCA1/2 Mutation May Impact Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risks

A study of almost 20,000 BRCA1 carriers and 12,000 BRCA2 carriers demonstrated differences in breast and ovarian cancer risks depending on the location and type of mutation. Although all regions are associated with increased risk for breast and ovarian cancers among BRCA1/2 carriers, there were specific regions that were associated with even higher cancer risks. …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

2015 NCCN Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Breast and Ovarian Management Based on Genetic Test Resultsa   Recommend Breast MRIc (>20% lifetime risk of breast cancerd) Recommend Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy Discuss Option of Risk-reducing mastectomy Intervention warranted based on gene and/or risk level ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, CHEK2, PALB2, PTEN, STK11, TP53 BRCA1, BRCA2, Lynch syndromee BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, PTEN, TP53 Insufficient evidence …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed to Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Over the course of his career, he has profoundly shaped …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

Highlights of the 2014 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Update

Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian Guidelines For breast cancer screening in BRCA carriers, yearly MRI is recommended starting at age 25; mammograms may be considered in instances where MRI is unavailable or individualized based on earliest age of onset in the family. From age 30-75, annual mammogram and breast MRI is recommended.  Above age …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

PALB2: A Third Important Gene for Inherited Breast Cancer

Following the publication of an important article in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) in August 2014, germline PALB2 gene mutations were confirmed as the third most important gene for inherited breast cancer, following BRCA1 and BRCA2.1 PALB2 stands for “partner and localizer of BRCA2” and is located on chromosome 16. Studies suggest that PALB2 mutations …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

The First PARP-Inhibitor to Be Approved for Clinical Use in BRCA Carriers

More frequently, cancer drugs are being developed to treat tumors based on their molecular make-up. PARP inhibitors are the first class of drugs specifically developed to treat BRCA-related tumors through targeting the DNA repair pathway. The PARP Inhibitors target this pathway and cause cancer cells to die while healthy cells are spared. Although PARP inhibitors …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed to Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Over the course of his career, he has profoundly shaped …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

Is Breast Cancer Risk Affected by Timing of Oral Contraceptives in BRCA1 Carriers?

Although oral contraceptives (OC) reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in BRCA carriers,1 it is possible that they may raise breast cancer risk. Thus it is important to understand whether age at OC use is a factor when determining impact on breast cancer risk. To address this question, a recent study (which included data from …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

What Are Factors That Modify Cancer Risk in BRCA Carriers?

Since the discovery of the BRCA genes about two decades ago, a number of studies have reported on factors that may modify cancer risks in those who carry gene mutations. Recently, results of previously published studies were collected through a comprehensive literature review to estimate the overall effects of various risk modifiers in BRCA carriers. …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

Early Results to Suggest That PSA Screening May Help to Detect Prostate Cancer Early in Men with BRCA Mutations

Over the last few years, there have been a number of studies to suggest that men with BRCA mutations, particularly BRCA2, have a higher risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer. It remains uncertain whether these men might benefit from screening through the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Within the last few years, PSA screening guidelines in …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada.  Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Over the course of his career, he has profoundly shaped …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

New Study to Suggest Benefits of Oophorectomy in BRCA Mutation Carriers

A recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology reported that prophylactic oophorectomy resulted in reducing the risk of ovarian cancer by 80%, and reduced all-cause mortality by 77%.1 The authors reported results on almost 5800 women, of whom 186 developed either ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer. Women who had bilateral oophorectomy had …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Tamoxifen May Reduce Contralateral Breast Cancer Risk in BRCA Carriers

There have been suggestions that Tamoxifen may reduce risks for contralateral breast cancer (i.e., breast cancer in the other breast) in BRCA carriers if taken after the initial breast cancer diagnosis, based mainly on retrospective studies. Only one prospective study has looked at this question, and showed that Tamoxifen may be useful in BRCA2, but …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Laronga who is a breast surgeon based at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. What are the risks of breast cancer after ovarian cancer in BRCA carriers? What risk management options are recommended? A. BRCA carriers remain at a higher risk of breast cancer, even after having ovarian cancer; …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Contralateral Mastectomy May Improve Survival in BRCA Mutation Carriers

It has been established that women who carry a germline BRCA mutation face breast cancer risks of 60-70% in their lifetime. After an initial breast cancer diagnosis, these women face a high risk for contralateral breast cancer. Some women with BRCA mutations move forward with contralateral mastectomy when they develop their first breast cancer diagnosis (as …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Sharing BRCA Test Results with Adolescent and Young Adult Children—What Does the Latest Research Show?

While there are specific recommendations against BRCA testing for minors,1 guidelines are less clear about whether parents should share their own test results with their children. Because there are no recommended surveillance or risk reduction options prior to age 25 for known BRCA mutation carriers, there has been debate about balancing the benefits of sharing …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Guidelines for Inherited Breast and Ovarian Cancer and Implications to the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Recently, the USPSTF released updated draft guidelines in April 2013 (from those previously published in 2005) for inherited breast and ovarian cancer due to germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations.1 USPSTF is comprised of primary care providers who review the available literature and issue guidelines about risk assessment, testing and management based on available evidence. …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Male BRCA Carriers Have Poorer Outcomes from Prostate Cancer

Over the last few years, a number of studies have suggested that men with germline BRCA mutations (especially BRCA2) have poorer outcomes when they develop prostate cancer. In fact, a recent study of 2019 patients with prostate cancer, including 18 BRCA1 carriers, 61 BRCA2 carriers, and 1940 noncarriers indicated that germline mutations were more frequently …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Oophorectomy Following Menopause

Prior studies have indicated that removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes reduces the ovarian cancer risk by ~80% and breast cancer risk by ~50%, particularly when performed pre-menopausally. However a recent case control study of 2854 pairs of women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation with or without breast cancer showed that the risk …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

BRCA Testing: Supreme Court Update

In a landmark decision regarding the patenting of human genes on Thursday June 13, 2013, the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously ruled that human genes may not be patented. The case specifically concerned the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene patents, held by the Utah-based company, Myriad Genetics. In the ruling, Justice Clarence Thomas wrote for the …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Pal, who is a Clinical Geneticist based at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. Does exposure to radiation increase breast cancer risk in BRCA mutation carriers? A. A number of studies have been conducted to evaluate whether BRCA mutation carriers may be more prone to radiation-induced breast cancer than …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2013

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Lora Thompson, a Clinical Psychologist at the Moffitt Cancer Center:                                                             Q. How do I talk to family members about my genetic test results? A. The ability to share risk information with family members is a common reason why many individuals undergo genetic testing. Family members may feel appreciative …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2013/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2013

Points to Consider Regarding Bilateral Salpingectomy as a Risk Reduction Procedure for Ovarian Cancer

Over the last few years, there has been evidence to suggest that a substantial proportion of ovarian cancer may start in the fallopian tubes, although some cancer clearly arises in the ovary.  As a result, removal of both fallopian tubes (called ‘bilateral salpingectomy’) has been suggested as an interim procedure to reduce risk in BRCA …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2013/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2013

The Selection of Chemotherapy in BRCA Patients with Pancreatic Cancer

Some evidence suggests that individuals with BRCA mutations who develop pancreatic cancer may benefit from specific chemotherapy regimens. In a recent review of this topic, Kim et al reported on a study of 5 patients with BRCA mutations (4 BRCA2 and 1 BRCA1) who were treated with a platinum-based chemotherapy regimen.1 Of these patients, 3 …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Ask the Expert: What are the risks of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on breast cancer risk in women with BRCA mutations?

The following questions were addressed by Drs. Pal and Lancaster at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. What are the risks of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on breast cancer risk in women with BRCA mutations? A. Concern about HRT in BRCA carriers is its potential to raise the risk of breast cancer, as seen in the …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2012/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

New Study Suggests Breast Cancer Risk for Non-Carriers of Family-Specific BRCA Mutations Is Not Increased

Data from a population-based study was recently reported to estimate breast cancer risk among family members who tested negative for a known BRCA1/2 family mutation (i.e., non-carriers). The study included 3047 women diagnosed with breast cancer. Results from the study indicated there was no increased risk for breast cancer in non-carriers as compared to family …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2012/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Emerging Cancer Panels for Testing Patients for Inherited Cancer Predisposition

Genetic testing for inherited cancer predisposition is typically performed by testing for one condition at a time. However, with the tremendous advances in genetic testing technologies over the last few years, the cost of testing has plummeted. To put this into perspective, the first human genome cost 2-3 billion dollars to sequence and took over …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2012/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Ask the Expert: What are the recommendations for screening following prophylactic surgeries?

The following questions were addressed by Drs. Pal and Lancaster at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. What are the recommendations for screening following prophylactic surgeries? A. In BRCA mutation carriers, bilateral prophylactic mastectomy reduces the risk of breast cancer by over 90%. It essentially lowers the risk of breast cancer to below that of the …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2012/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Prostate Cancer Screening Recommendations for Men with BRCA Mutations

Over the last few years, there have been several studies that suggest that men with BRCA mutations are at a higher risk for developing and dying from aggressive prostate cancer. It is possible that PSA testing may be of benefit in men with BRCA mutations. However, until the utility of PSA is determined in these …

Continue reading »

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2012/