Posts associated with "Screening/Early Detection"

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ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

MRI Surveillance Has Very Low Yield After Bilateral Mastectomy and Reconstruction

A study of 159 women, including BRCA carriers, who had bilateral mastectomy with reconstruction, underwent breast MRI screening. The results showed few women had detection of breast cancer through MRI, after their bilateral mastectomy. These results support the recommendation against screening MRI in women who have had bilateral mastectomy with reconstruction due to a diagnosis …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post81820/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2020

Updates to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Colorectal Guidelines

Updates to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Colorectal Guidelines (Version 1.2020, posted July 21, 2020) For individuals with Lynch Syndrome: Cancer risks were updated based on information from recent studies: Main updates included cancer risks in PMS2 (endometrial, ovarian, and prostate cancer), MSH2 and EPCAM (prostate and brain cancer), and MSH6 (prostate …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2020/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

Inherited Prostate Cancer Risk

Over 600,000 men age 40 and older who were part of a family with at least three consecutive generations affected with prostate cancer were studied from the Utah Population Database. Findings from this study showed that: 36,000 had prostate cancer (5.9%) 2,500 had early-onset disease (7%) 4,000 had lethal disease (11.1%) 15,000 had clinically significant …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post81420/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

CDC Resource for Free Breast Cancer Screening

We are here to help! Our followers asked us to provide information about screening resources for women with hereditary breast cancer. We would like to make folks aware about a CDC program that provides free breast cancer screening for women who are uninsured and underinsured. ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Check out more information at: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/ ⁣⁣

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post81120/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

MRI May Detect Breast Cancer Earlier than Mammograms

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) currently recommends an annual breast MRI and an annual mammography for high-risk women (lifetime breast cancer risk at or above 20%). Among women at high risk for breast cancer, MRI detected breast cancer at an earlier stage than mammograms. Women with BRCA1/2 and TP53 were NOT included in this …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post51520/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

New Blood Test May Find Ovarian Cancer Early

A study of 80 women identified 4 proteins in blood that may help to detect ovarian cancer early. Further research is still needed with larger groups of women to determine if this new blood test would be a reliable test to find ovarian cancer early. Check out the full article at https://www.nature.com/articles/s41416-019-0544-0

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post50120/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

PALB2: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: PALB2 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 1.2020): Women: Breast cancer risk: Elevated at 53% – Recommend annual breast MRI with contrast starting at age 30, and annual mammogram with consideration of tomosynthesis starting at age 30; Consider risk-reducing mastectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: Elevated at 5% – Manage based on family history. Men …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post42820/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

BRCA2: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: BRCA2 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Breast cancer risk: Elevated at 60%-70% – Recommend clinical breast exam every 6-12 months starting at age 25, annual breast MRI with contrast starting at age 25, and annual mammogram with consideration of tomosynthesis starting at age 30; consider risk-reducing mastectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post42120/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

BRCA1: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: BRCA1 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Breast cancer risk: Elevated at 60%-70% – Recommend clinical breast exam every 6-12 months starting at age 25, annual breast MRI with contrast starting at age 25, and annual mammogram with consideration of tomosynthesis starting at age 30; consider risk-reducing mastectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post41420/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

EPCAM: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: EPCAM Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Endometrial cancer risk: Elevated at 21%-57% – Consider risk-reducing hysterectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: Elevated at 10%-38% – Recommend risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes). Men and Women: Colorectal cancer risk: Elevated at 43%-52% – Recommend colonoscopy every 1-2 years starting at …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post4120/

ICARE Social Media Post March 2020

PMS2: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: PMS2 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Endometrial cancer risk: Elevated at 0%-15% – Consider risk-reducing hysterectomy. Men and Women: Colorectal cancer risk: Elevated at 12%-20% – Recommend colonoscopy every 1-2 years starting at age 20-25 Gastric cancer risk: Not well established – Consider upper endoscopy every 3-5 years beginning at …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post32420/

ICARE Social Media Post March 2020

Study Based on ICARE Participants with ATM and CHEK2 Mutations

Women with ATM and CHEK2 mutations have a lifetime breast cancer risk greater than 20%, which is the threshold at which screening through a breast MRI is recommended. A recently published study based on ICARE participants with ATM and CHEK2 mutations suggested that most female family members of ATM and CHEK2 mutation carriers do not …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post32020/

ICARE Social Media Post March 2020

MSH6: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: MSH6 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Endometrial cancer risk: 17%-46% – Consider risk-reducing hysterectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: 1%-11% – Evidence is insufficient to make specific recommendations. Men and Women: Colorectal cancer risk: 15%-44% – Recommend colonoscopy every 1-2 years starting at age 20-25. Gastric cancer risk: 0%-5% – Consider upper …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post31720/

ICARE Social Media Post March 2020

Polygenic Risk Score and Colon Cancer Risk

A Polygenic Risk Score (PRS) is calculated using genetic differences throughout someone’s DNA, in combination with clinical and family history of cancer. This score, alongside environmental and lifestyle risk factors, may help to identify people who might benefit from screening at an earlier age. Important facts about PRS: – It does NOT look for changes …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post31320/

ICARE Social Media Post March 2020

MSH2: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: MSH2 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Endometrial cancer risk: Elevated at 21%-57% – Consider risk-reducing hysterectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: Elevated at 10%-38% – Recommend risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes). Men and Women: Colorectal cancer risk: Elevated at 43%-52% – Recommend colonoscopy every 1-2 years starting at …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post31020/

ICARE Social Media Post March 2020

MLH1: Cancer Risks and Risk Management

Gene: MLH1 Cancer Risks and Management (per NCCN version 3.2019): Women: Endometrial cancer risk: Elevated at 43%-57% – Consider risk-reducing hysterectomy. Ovarian cancer risk: Elevated at 5%-20% – Recommend risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes). Breast cancer risk: Elevated at 12%-17% – Manage same as general population. Men and Women: Colorectal cancer …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post3320/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

PALB2 Mutations & Cancer Risk

A newly published study of 524 families with pathogenic PALB2 mutations from around the world, including almost 50 ICARE participants, represents the largest, most comprehensive effort to evaluate cancer risks.1 Results showed increased risks for female breast cancer (53%), ovarian cancer (5%), pancreatic cancer (2-3%), and male breast cancer (1%). Findings did not suggest higher …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nlw2020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Updates to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast, Ovarian, and Pancreatic

There were significant updates and restructuring of the guidelines, with some highlights included below: Substantial reorganization of the guidelines as follows: Now organized by organ site, rather than primarily by certain high penetrance genes Focused efforts to simplify genetic testing criteria Only one flow diagram included, to outline the ‘genetic testing process’ Following scenarios now …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Updated Pancreatic Cancer Screening Guidelines through CAPS Consortium

The International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium recently published updated recommendations about pancreatic cancer screening through MRI/magnetic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and/or an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS).1 Specifically, these guidelines now recommend that individuals with a CDKN2A or STK11 mutation begin screening at age 40. Screening for individuals with a BRCA1/2, ATM, PALB2, MLH1, or …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2020/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Differences in Pancreatic Cancer Screening Recommendations from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium recently updated pancreatic cancer screening recommendations. However, there are some differences between these recommendations. Specifically, screening with annual MRI/magnetic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and/or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is recommended as follows for NCCN versus CAPS: STK11 regardless of family history: …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post2620/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Updated Pancreatic Cancer Screening Guidelines through the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium

The International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium recently published updated pancreatic cancer screening recommendations. The recommendations include: Screening with MRI/magnetic retrograde cholangiopancreaography (MRCP) and/or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) The screening was recommended for the following individuals: CDKN2A and STK11 mutation carriers starting at age 40 BRCA1/2, ATM, PALB2, MLH1, and MSH2 mutation carriers (if …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post2420/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Ovarian Cancer Screening in BRCA1 Carriers

A new study of Polish BRCA1 carriers showed that screening through transvaginal ultrasound was not effective or  reliable in detecting ovarian cancer early. Consequently, preventive oophorectomy remains the only proven method to lower ovarian cancer risks and increase survival. Check out the article at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31500890. Check out the NCCN ovarian cancer screening recommendations for BRCA1 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11720/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Women with BRCA1/2: Risk-reducing Mastectomy versus Screening

In a study of 5000 healthy female BRCA1/2 carriers (without a breast cancer diagnosis): BRCA1 carriers: after an average of over 10 years follow-up, survival was higher in those who had bilateral mastectomy (99.7%) compared to those who had breast screening through mammograms and breast MRIs (93%). BRCA2 carriers: no significant differences were seen between …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11020/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

PALB2 Mutations and Cancer Risk

A new published study of 524 families with PALB2 mutations, including our very own ICARE participants, from around the world showed increased risks of female breast, ovarian, pancreatic, and male breast cancer. The level of risk for female breast cancer is enough to recommend cancer risk management. Cancer risk management includes screening or risk-reducing surgery. …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post121619/

ICARE Featured Video December 2019

NCCN Genetic/Familial Breast, Ovarian, and Pancreatic Guidelines

Below you may watch a featured video from the December 2019 Genetics Case Conference, which outlined updates to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines.  

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/video121219/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

Updates to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Genetic/Familial Breast, Ovarian, and Pancreatic Guidelines (V1.2020)

We are excited to share the latest version of the NCCN Genetic/Familial Breast, Ovarian and Pancreatic Guidelines (V1.2020), which were just updated. Some of the changes made include: PALB2 was added as a high penetrance gene (similar to BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, PTEN and TP53) It is appropriate to consider risk reducing mastectomy for cancer risk management …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post12419/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

Advances in Biomarkers to Detect Pancreatic Cancer Early

Early detection of pancreatic cancer is tremendously important, given that most patients who develop the disease are diagnosed at a later stage of the disease when it is usually incurable. Although screening through imaging studies has been proposed (i.e., magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and/or endoscopic ultrasound),1 data to support this type of screening as an …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/12nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Getting Closer to Detecting Cancers Early Through a Blood Test?

A recent study reported on a single blood test, named “CancerSEEK”, which can screen for 8 common types of cancer (ovarian, liver, stomach, pancreas, esophagus, colorectal, lung, and breast) and may help to identify the location at which the cancer started. This test evaluated the blood from over 1000 patients with Stage 1 to 3 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Advances in Cancer Screening Among Li-Fraumeni Syndrome Patients

Several research groups from around the world that have conducted cancer screening among patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome and a germline TP53 mutation have recently reported on their observations. Specifically, the National Cancer Institute group demonstrated that screening inclusive of rapid total body MRI detected cancers at an early stage,1 similar to findings published through other …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at the Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Q. In women with a BRCA mutation and …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

What Are the Benefits of Adding a Mammogram to MRI for Breast Cancer Screening Among Women with BRCA Mutations?

Recently, researchers evaluated the benefit of adding a mammogram to MRI for breast cancer screening among ~2000 women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. Results indicated that the addition of mammography to MRI did not substantially raise the chance of detecting breast cancer in the overall group. However, one-third of breast cancer cases diagnosed among …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

New Study Suggesting BRCA1/2 and ATM Are Associated with Aggressive Prostate Cancer

Among 799 patients with prostate cancer, the rate of BRCA1/2 mutations was much higher among those who passed away of prostate cancer (6.07%) compared to those with low risk disease (1.44%).1 Among the group that died of prostate cancer, those with BRCA1/2 or ATM mutations passed away at an earlier age and had a shorter …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

NCCN Guidelines Version 1.2017: Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian

Additional guidance pertaining to cancer risk management was provided in the most recent version of the NCCN Guidelines for inherited breast and ovarian cancer. These guidelines now include an expanded table outlining cancer risks and management for each gene, taking into account the age at initiation of each risk management modality as well as footnotes …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

The Potential Promise of Immunotherapy Targeted to Those with Bi-Allelic Mutations in Lynch Syndrome Genes

People with Lynch Syndrome have a non-working Lynch gene (“mutation”), while the other copy of that gene is normal (recognizing that all of these genes come in pairs, with one member of the pair coming from each parent). Over the last few years, there has been an increased realization that some individuals have a mutation …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

Surveillance Among Individuals with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS): An 11 Year Follow-Up Study

Results from the original screening protocol for LFS1 were recently updated following collection of 11 years of follow-up data.2 Through this study, 89 patients with LFS were given the option of a clinical surveillance protocol consisting of a physical examination as well as frequent biochemical and imaging studies. Forty asymptomatic tumors were detected in 32% …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

An Approach to Making Risk Management Recommendations for Newer Inherited Cancer Genes

A recent article sought to develop an approach to cancer risk management among individuals with mutations in newer inherited cancer genes, many of which result in a moderate (rather than ‘high’) cancer risk. Overall, the investigators suggest a framework that takes the age-specific, lifetime, and absolute cancer risks into account for inherited cancer genes where …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

More Information About the Inherited Component of Pancreatic Cancer

Although pancreatic cancer is one of the cancer types seen among individuals with mutations in inherited cancer genes (including BRCA2 and BRCA1), the proportion of individuals with pancreatic cancer who have an inherited cause has remained uncertain.  To further clarify the role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA), over 300 patients with pancreatic cancer were tested …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

Highlights of the 2014 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Update

Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian Guidelines For breast cancer screening in BRCA carriers, yearly MRI is recommended starting at age 25; mammograms may be considered in instances where MRI is unavailable or individualized based on earliest age of onset in the family. From age 30-75, annual mammogram and breast MRI is recommended.  Above age …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

Highlights of the 2014 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Update

Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Colorectal Guidelines Recommendation that tumors from newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients be screened for Lynch syndrome (called “Universal Tumor Screening”). A new algorithm was created for Routine Tumor Testing Criteria for Lynch Syndrome Surveillance/Management recommendations were refined by gene for the various Lynch Syndrome genes. Management recommendations were refined for other inherited …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

Early Results to Suggest That PSA Screening May Help to Detect Prostate Cancer Early in Men with BRCA Mutations

Over the last few years, there have been a number of studies to suggest that men with BRCA mutations, particularly BRCA2, have a higher risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer. It remains uncertain whether these men might benefit from screening through the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Within the last few years, PSA screening guidelines in …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Recent Evidence to Suggest That Individuals with Germline Mutations in the PTEN gene (Which Leads to Cowden Syndrome) May Have Higher Renal Cancer Risks

Cowden Syndrome is an inherited condition that leads to higher risks for breast and thyroid cancer, and possibly other cancers.1 There have been a few recent studies that suggest that this condition also puts individuals at a higher risk for kidney cancer. Specifically, Tan et al2 reported a lifetime risk of 30.6% (95% CI: 17.8-49.4) …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Laronga who is a breast surgeon based at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. What are the risks of breast cancer after ovarian cancer in BRCA carriers? What risk management options are recommended? A. BRCA carriers remain at a higher risk of breast cancer, even after having ovarian cancer; …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Pal, who is a Clinical Geneticist based at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. Does exposure to radiation increase breast cancer risk in BRCA mutation carriers? A. A number of studies have been conducted to evaluate whether BRCA mutation carriers may be more prone to radiation-induced breast cancer than …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Emerging Cancer Panels for Testing Patients for Inherited Cancer Predisposition

Genetic testing for inherited cancer predisposition is typically performed by testing for one condition at a time. However, with the tremendous advances in genetic testing technologies over the last few years, the cost of testing has plummeted. To put this into perspective, the first human genome cost 2-3 billion dollars to sequence and took over …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2012/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Prostate Cancer Screening Recommendations for Men with BRCA Mutations

Over the last few years, there have been several studies that suggest that men with BRCA mutations are at a higher risk for developing and dying from aggressive prostate cancer. It is possible that PSA testing may be of benefit in men with BRCA mutations. However, until the utility of PSA is determined in these …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2012/