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ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

Older Women with Breast Cancer Have Higher Risks of Ovarian and Other Cancers

Among 4,500 post-menopausal women with breast cancer, 3.55% had a mutation in a gene associated with inherited breast cancer (3-fold higher than what was seen among women who were cancer-free). BRCA1/2 mutations were seen more frequently in women diagnosed with breast cancer at or below age 65 (2.21%) compared to those diagnosed after age 65 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post82820/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

MRI Surveillance Has Very Low Yield After Bilateral Mastectomy and Reconstruction

A study of 159 women, including BRCA carriers, who had bilateral mastectomy with reconstruction, underwent breast MRI screening. The results showed few women had detection of breast cancer through MRI, after their bilateral mastectomy. These results support the recommendation against screening MRI in women who have had bilateral mastectomy with reconstruction due to a diagnosis …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post81820/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2020

Identifying Individuals At-Risk for Inherited Cancer

We have known for a while that many people who have mutations in BRCA1/2 and other inherited cancer risk genes are unaware of their mutation as they have not yet had genetic testing. A recent study among women aged 20 or older living in California and Georgia, which included almost 80,000 breast cancer patients and …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2020/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2020

Treatment Advances Among BRCA1/2 Carriers

There continue to be ongoing advances in treatment studies among those with inherited cancer gene mutations, which are rapidly being followed by FDA approval for specific cancer treatments. Select studies and advances are summarized below: BRCA1/2 Carriers:  Breast Cancer: For those with later stage or metastatic breast cancer, the FDA currently has approvals for the use …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2020/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2020

Guideline-Concordant Care Among Women with Inherited Cancer Gene Mutations

Testing for inherited cancer among breast cancer patients has tremendous potential to guide appropriate care following testing. Yet, a number of efforts suggest that women are not consistently receiving care according to current national guidelines based on their genetic test result. In fact, results from studies suggest many women for whom risk-reducing mastectomy would not …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2020/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

CDC Resource for Free Breast Cancer Screening

We are here to help! Our followers asked us to provide information about screening resources for women with hereditary breast cancer. We would like to make folks aware about a CDC program that provides free breast cancer screening for women who are uninsured and underinsured. ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Check out more information at: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/ ⁣⁣

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post81120/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

Presymptomatic BRCA1/2 Carriers May Have Better Outcomes

Check out the article at: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaoncology/article-abstract/2768011

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post80720/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

Disparities in BRCA Counseling Across Diverse Populations

A recently published study based on data from our participants showed that few young Black women with breast cancer see a genetic counselor AND those with insurance are LESS likely to see a genetic counselor. ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ For more information, check out the full study at: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41436-020-0762-0 

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post80420/

ICARE Social Media Post August 2020

Genes That Predispose African American Women to Breast Cancer

A recently published study based on data including our participants identified genes that predispose African American patients to breast cancer.  For more information, check out the full study at: https://academic.oup.com/jnci/article/doi/10.1093/jnci/djaa040/5838706.

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post80320/

ICARE Social Media Post July 2020

Racial Inequalities in Genetics

It is important to talk about racial inequalities in healthcare as it affects the care received among Black patients. Through our research efforts, we not only want to address the issue of racism but also think about ways to make healthcare more equitable. A recently published study including our research participants (young women with breast …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post72120/

ICARE Social Media Post July 2020

Breast Cancer Risks May be Higher in Women with Two CHEK2 Mutations Versus One CHEK2 Mutation

A study comparing women with two CHEK2 mutations to one CHEK2 mutation showed that those with two mutations were: -more likely to get breast cancer (80.6% versus 41.2%) -more likely to be diagnosed at or below age 50 (61.3% versus 23.9%) -more likely to have a second breast cancer diagnosis (22.6% versus 8.1%) These findings …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post71720/

ICARE Social Media Post July 2020

BRCA1/2 and Other Gene Carriers with Breast Cancer Don’t Always Receive Recommended Treatment

BRCA1/2 and other gene mutation carriers with early stage breast cancer are not always receiving cancer treatment as recommended by national guidelines. Even though more and more people have been tested for hereditary cancer over the years, using this information accurately to guide treatment has not been as successful. These findings highlight the need for …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post71020/

ICARE Social Media Post July 2020

Community Spotlight: Mari-Lynn Slayton

In every ICARE Newsletter we feature an ICARE participant as a community spotlight. Our community spotlight in our Winter 2016 ICARE Newsletter is Mari-Lynn Slayton, who was found to have a PALB2 mutation after two breast cancer diagnoses. Check out her story at: https://inheritedcancer.net/community-spotlight/

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post70220/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Higher Chance of VUS Results in Minorities

Asian, Hispanic, and Black women with breast cancer had higher rates of variants of uncertain significance (VUS) on genetic test results for hereditary cancer genes compared to White women with breast cancer according to a recent study. Check out the full article at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13187-019-01646-8

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post62620/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Advances in Treatment for BRCA-Mutated Triple Negative Breast Cancer

In a study of 914 women with different breast cancer subtypes, overall pathologic complete response rates were: Higher in those with BRCA1/2 mutations (60.4% versus 46.7%) No differences were seen in those with mutations in other inherited cancer genes Among patients with triple-negative breast cancer, BRCA1/2 mutations had highest response rates to treatment in both …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post61920/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Advances in BRCA1/2 Breast Cancer Treatment

Through a randomized phase 2 study (called the INFORM trial) among BRCA1/2 carriers with breast cancer, cisplatin was no better in inducing pathologic complete remission compared to AC. The pathologic complete remission rate was 18% for cisplatin and 26% for AC. Cisplatin is not better than other chemotherapy for induction therapy for breast cancers in …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post61220/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Community Spotlight: Christy Mattey

In every ICARE Newsletter we feature an ICARE participant as a community spotlight. Our latest community spotlight in our Winter 2017 ICARE Newsletter is Christy Mattey, who was found to have a CHEK2 mutation after a breast cancer diagnosis. Check out her story at: https://inheritedcancer.net/community-spotlight/

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post60920/

ICARE Social Media Post June 2020

Community Spotlight: Terry Arnold

June is Cancer Survivor Month! In every ICARE Newsletter we feature an ICARE participant as a community spotlight. Our latest community spotlight in our Summer 2017 ICARE Newsletter is Terry Arnold, who was found to have a BRCA1 mutation after a breast cancer diagnosis. Check out her story at: https://inheritedcancer.net/community-spotlight/

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post60220/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

Cancer Risk Management Among Female BRCA1/2, PALB2, CHEK2, and ATM Carriers in ICARE

A new article was recently published based on data from BRCA1/2, PALB2, CHEK2, and ATM carriers in ICARE. Findings suggest potential overtreatment through risk-reducing surgery among women with pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in breast cancer genes. This highlights the importance of promoting guideline-adherent, risk-appropriate care. Check out the full article at https://rdcu.be/b4mbg

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post52620/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

MRI May Detect Breast Cancer Earlier than Mammograms

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) currently recommends an annual breast MRI and an annual mammography for high-risk women (lifetime breast cancer risk at or above 20%). Among women at high risk for breast cancer, MRI detected breast cancer at an earlier stage than mammograms. Women with BRCA1/2 and TP53 were NOT included in this …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post51520/

ICARE Social Media Post May 2020

CDH1: Gastric and Breast Cancer Risks

CDH1 mutation carriers are at higher risk for diffuse gastric cancer (men and women) and lobular breast cancer (women). Current strategies to manage high risks of gastric cancer include prophylactic gastrectomy (i.e., removal of the stomach), which can have severe physical and psychological implications. A recent study found that men have a higher risk of …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post50520/

ICARE Social Media Post April 2020

Treatment Patterns in Women with Inherited Breast Cancer

Results from a population-based study of over 20,000 women from SEER registries of Georgia and California diagnosed with stage 0 to stage III breast cancer between 2014 and 2016 tested for inherited breast cancer were recently published. Findings suggest that women who test positive for certain mutations receive certain patterns of treatment. These patterns of …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post41020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Community Spotlight

I was diagnosed with breast cancer in December 2018 and was found to be PALB2+. The PALB2 gene had not been tested for when my older sister was diagnosed with breast cancer and had genetic testing done four years earlier. This was new! My cancer was very similar to my sister’s, but being PALB2+ changed …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/spotlightnlw2020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

PALB2 Mutations & Cancer Risk

A newly published study of 524 families with pathogenic PALB2 mutations from around the world, including almost 50 ICARE participants, represents the largest, most comprehensive effort to evaluate cancer risks.1 Results showed increased risks for female breast cancer (53%), ovarian cancer (5%), pancreatic cancer (2-3%), and male breast cancer (1%). Findings did not suggest higher …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nlw2020/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2020

Updates to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast, Ovarian, and Pancreatic

There were significant updates and restructuring of the guidelines, with some highlights included below: Substantial reorganization of the guidelines as follows: Now organized by organ site, rather than primarily by certain high penetrance genes Focused efforts to simplify genetic testing criteria Only one flow diagram included, to outline the ‘genetic testing process’ Following scenarios now …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2020/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Characteristics and Patterns of Spread for BRCA-associated Breast Cancers

BRCA1/2 have distinct characteristics and patterns of spread. A recent study evaluated the characteristics of BRCA1/2 carriers and found that 73% ofBRCA1-associated breast cancers were triple negative; and 72% of BRCA2-associated breast cancers were hormone receptor positive. There were also distinct pattern of spread of breast cancer, with BRCA1 carriers more likely to experience lung …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post21320/

ICARE Social Media Post February 2020

Medication Use for Risk Reduction

Based on studies that show benefits of estrogen and androgen blockers in reducing breast cancer risk in high-risk women, the United States Preventative Service Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians offer risk-reducing medications to women at increased risk for breast cancer; however, they recommend against routine use of these medications in average-risk women. Hormone receptor …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post21120/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Polygenic Risk Scores

A Polygenic Risk Score (PRS) is calculated using genetic differences throughout someone’s DNA, in combination with clinical and family history of cancer. This unique type of score may be utilized to calculate the lifetime risk of breast cancer. Important facts about PRS’s: Different from BRCA1/2 testing, which look for changes in these specific genes Should …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11420/

ICARE Social Media Post January 2020

Women with BRCA1/2: Risk-reducing Mastectomy versus Screening

In a study of 5000 healthy female BRCA1/2 carriers (without a breast cancer diagnosis): BRCA1 carriers: after an average of over 10 years follow-up, survival was higher in those who had bilateral mastectomy (99.7%) compared to those who had breast screening through mammograms and breast MRIs (93%). BRCA2 carriers: no significant differences were seen between …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11020/

ICARE Featured Video January 2020

PALB2

Below you may watch a featured video from the January 2020 Genetics Case Conference, which focused on PALB2 gene mutations with guest expert Dr. Marc Tischkowitz from the University of Cambridge.    

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/video10920/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

PALB2 Mutations and Cancer Risk

A new published study of 524 families with PALB2 mutations, including our very own ICARE participants, from around the world showed increased risks of female breast, ovarian, pancreatic, and male breast cancer. The level of risk for female breast cancer is enough to recommend cancer risk management. Cancer risk management includes screening or risk-reducing surgery. …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post121619/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics: Points-to-Consider Document: “Is there Evidence to Support BRCA1/2 and Other Inherited Breast Cancer Genetic Testing for all Breast Cancer Patients?”

                    The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) put forth a Points-to-Consider document: “Is there Evidence to Support BRCA1/2 and Other Inherited Breast Cancer Genetic Testing for all Breast Cancer Patients?” The document discusses: 1) Current data to support testing in breast cancer patients …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post121319/

ICARE Featured Video December 2019

NCCN Genetic/Familial Breast, Ovarian, and Pancreatic Guidelines

Below you may watch a featured video from the December 2019 Genetics Case Conference, which outlined updates to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines.  

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/video121219/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

Patient Reported Outcomes In A Study of PARP Inhibitors in BRCA Carriers with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Did you know? PROs are impacting treatment advances in metastatic breast cancer. Olaparib increased progression-free survival among BRCA carriers with metastatic HER2- breast cancer. Thanks to patient reported outcomes, a new study now suggests it also improved patients’ quality of life! Check it out the new article published in October 2019 directly at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31446213!

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post12819/

ICARE Social Media Post December 2019

Updates to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Genetic/Familial Breast, Ovarian, and Pancreatic Guidelines (V1.2020)

We are excited to share the latest version of the NCCN Genetic/Familial Breast, Ovarian and Pancreatic Guidelines (V1.2020), which were just updated. Some of the changes made include: PALB2 was added as a high penetrance gene (similar to BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, PTEN and TP53) It is appropriate to consider risk reducing mastectomy for cancer risk management …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post12419/

ICARE Featured Video November 2019

Polygenic Risk Scores

Below you may watch a featured video from the November 2019 Genetics Case Conference, which focused on Polygenic Risk Scores with guest expert Dr. Amanda Toland from The Ohio State University.    

Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/video111419/

ICARE Social Media Post November 2019

Educational Resources: The Family Link Between Breast and Ovarian Cancer in Black Women

The differences seen in access to healthcare across different racial groups are known as health disparities. To address the gap in awareness, we have pursued efforts to raise awareness about inherited breast cancer among African Americans. We are excited to introduce you to another invaluable resource, the Breast Cancer Genetics Research and Education for African American …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post11119/

ICARE Social Media Post November 2019

High Frequency of BRCA in Unselected Women with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Did you know? National practice guidelines currently recommend ALL women with metastatic (HER2-) breast cancer to get genetic testing for inherited cancer (including BRCA1/2 testing), because it can guide eligibility for treatment with PARP inhibitors. A new study led by our colleague at the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Dr. Ben Park, suggests that more women with …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post110719/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Lifestyle Factors Associated with Familial and Inherited Breast Cancer Risks

Body mass index (BMI) is an indicator of fat content in the body. A lower body mass index may reduce breast cancer risk in women, including those with a family history of breast cancer. However, a new study reported that higher BMI also increases breast cancer risk in the general population and those with a …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post102919/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Physical Activity Associated with Familial and Inherited Breast Cancer Risks

BRCA1/2 carriers may benefit from physical activity to reduce breast cancer risks, just like women in the general population! We know that women in the general population benefit from physical activity to reduce their breast cancer risk, but a recent study showed that this benefit also extends to those with a BRCA1/2 mutation and those with …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post102819/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

BRCA Testing In Black Women

Did you know? Although BRCA testing has been around for over TWO decades, not all populations have benefitted equally from testing. In fact, our previous research has shown that black patients are less aware of BUT interested in genetic testing…when they know about it. In addition, healthcare providers are less likely to identify and suggest …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post102419/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Inherited Breast Cancer Among Latina Women

Latina women are at risk for inherited breast cancer: Breast cancer mortality rates are higher among Latina women compared to non-Hispanic White women. Latina women also have a higher prevalence of triple-negative breast cancer when compared to with non-Hispanic White women. Latina women are diagnosed with breast cancer at earlier ages, 56 years versus 63 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post102319/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Advances in Treatment for Advanced Breast Cancer in BRCA Carriers

Monotherapy with PARP inhibitors is FDA-approved for patients with metastatic breast cancer with BRCA mutations. BUT, does adding additional drugs (called ‘combination therapy’) help? In BRCA carriers with metastatic breast cancer, the combination of veliparib AND chemotherapy with platinum-based agents (carboplatin) and taxanes (paclitaxel) led to a longer duration of progression free survival (disease that …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post101819/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Advances in Early Stage Breast Cancer Treatment for BRCA Carriers

New benefits from a PARP inhibitor, talazoparib, among BRCA carriers with early stage breast cancer. The current FDA approvals for the use of PARP inhibitors is limited to women with metastatic (stage IV) breast cancer. These drugs are being tested in early stage breast cancer to shrink down the tumor (called neoadjuvant treatment) before surgery …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post101519/

ICARE Social Media Post October 2019

Male Breast Cancer Risk

Did you know? Beyonce’s father, Matthew Knowles, was diagnosed with breast cancer. He states, “we used to think this was only an issue for women, but this is male or female.” According to CBS news, “he is hoping that sharing his story as man with breast cancer will shine a light on the risk men …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/post10619/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

New Information About Cancer Risks for Inherited Cancer Genes: BRCA1/2

Looking at pregnancy history and breast cancer risk, a recent study of almost 8,000 women with BRCA1/2 mutations evaluated breast cancer risks related to pregnancy.1 Findings suggested the overall number of pregnancies was not associated with breast cancer risk in BRCA1 carriers; however, BRCA1 carriers with one pregnancy were at higher risk for breast cancer …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2019

Expansion of Criteria for BRCA1/2 Testing through the USPSTF

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) came out with new genetic testing guidelines for the BRCA1/2 genes, which has garnered substantial media attention. This task force consists of a team of primary care and preventive medicine healthcare experts to lower the chance of a conflict of interest  (which is also the reason that subspecialty …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

New Research and Approvals of PARP Inhibitor Drugs to Treat Breast Cancer in BRCA Carriers

Treatment among patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer: A PARP inhibitor (talazoparib) was approved by the FDA on October 16, 2018 for BRCA carriers with HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, based on results of the EMBRACA trial outlined in the last ICARE newsletter. Litton JK, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2019

New Online Risk Calculator to More Accurately Predict Breast Cancer Risk

Prediction of breast cancer risk is important to identify those at highest and lowest risks, to help guide screening. A previously developed risk algorithm called Breast and Ovarian Analysis of Disease Incidence and Carrier Estimation Algorithm (BOADICEA) was recently extended to include truncating mutations in the BRCA genes, PALB2, CHEK2, and ATM. This online risk …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/11nlw2019/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Updates to NCCN Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian Guidelines

(Version 1.2019, posted July 11, 2018) Regardless of family history, some individuals with a hereditary breast- and ovarian-related cancer may benefit from genetic testing to determine eligibility for targeted treatment The multi-gene testing section table was updated with: A potential association of ATM with ovarian cancer risk Potential increased risk of BARD1 with breast cancer …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Another PARP-Inhibitor Trial Among BRCA Carriers with Advanced Breast Cancer

In a Phase 3 clinical trial among BRCA carriers with advanced breast cancer, an oral PARP Inhibitor (talazoparib) was compared to standard chemotherapy.  Among those who received the PARP inhibitor, risk of disease progression or death was 46% lower, and the response rate was double. Furthermore, the side effect profile, quality-of-life measures, and breast cancer …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/8nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Differences in Breast Cancer Risks Among Women with Lynch Syndrome

Breast cancer risks were recently reported among a sample of 423 women with mutations in one of the Lynch syndrome genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2).1 Results indicated that breast cancer risks were substantially higher among those with MSH6 and PMS2 mutations, compared to MLH1 and MSH2 mutations. In fact, breast cancer risk to age …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

New Data to Suggest Additional Genes Associated with Breast and Ovarian Cancer

A recent study reported on cancer risks among over 10,000 cancer patients across the United States who had genetic testing. Findings suggest breast cancer risks were associated with ATM, CHEK2, and PALB2, as expected; but an association was also found with MSH6 (in line with other recently published data, as outlined in another article in …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2018

Refining Cancer Risks Among Individuals with Lynch Syndrome

Over the past year, multiple studies have refined risks and types of cancer among individuals with Lynch syndrome. Through a Scandinavian study, risks for 13 types of cancer (with colorectal cancers being excluded), were reported to be elevated with differences related to gender, age, and the gene in which mutation was present. Incidence rates of …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Updates to NCCN Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian Guidelines

(Version 1.2018, posted Oct. 3, 2017) Metastatic prostate cancer was added as an indication for evaluation and testing for the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes Among BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53 and PTEN carriers, women between ages 25-29 may consider having an annual mammogram with consideration of tomosynthesis if a breast MRI is not available. Among female BRCA2 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Refining Risks and Outcomes of Breast Cancer in BRCA Carriers

In an effort to further study breast cancer risks among BRCA carriers, a recently published study compared breast cancer risks among those with and without a close family member (first-degree relative) with breast cancer.1 Findings showed that risk for breast cancer by age 80 was 60.8% in BRCA1 carriers and 63.1% among BRCA2 carriers, with …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2018

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Ingrid Meszoely is a breast surgeon and Clinical Director of the Vanderbilt Breast Center at One Hundred Oaks. She leads a high-risk clinic, through which she and her team of nurse practitioners manage patients with inherited breast cancer predisposition. Her research interests include both clinical and translational breast …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/8nlw2018/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risks Among BRCA Carriers Followed Over Time

Findings from an international study of over 6000 women with a BRCA1 mutation and almost 4000 women with a BRCA2 mutation followed for an average of 5 years were recently published.1 Results showed the risk of breast cancer by age 80 was ~70% for both BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers. Rates of breast cancer increased until …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

New Results of a PARP Inhibitor Study Among BRCA Carriers with Metastatic Breast Cancer

Over the last decade, a new class of drugs called “PARP Inhibitors” has been evaluated as a form of targeted treatment among BRCA carriers. Results were recently reported from a Phase 3 clinical trial among BRCA carriers with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer who received two or less prior chemotherapy regimens for their metastatic disease. Study …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

What Are New and Subsequent Cancer Risks Among Patients with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome?

Although individuals with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS), due to mutations in the TP53 gene, have a very high lifetime risk of cancer, risks of initial and subsequent cancers are not well defined. Through a group of patients with the classic form of LFS, researchers at the National Cancer Institute estimated their cancer risks. They evaluated a …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2017

Breast and Ovarian Cancer Associations for Genes Tested Through Multi-Gene Panels

As testing for multiple genes at the same time (“multi-gene panel testing”) has become increasingly available with tremendous advances in genetic testing technology, it has become critical to evaluate and refine cancer associations and levels of risk for many of these genes now tested. Through a commercial laboratory database of almost 100,000 results of multi-gene …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

Characterizing Breast Cancers That Develop Among Women with a CHEK2 Mutation

With increasing use of multi-gene panel tests, one of the genes in which mutations are frequently detected among breast cancer patients and others is the CHEK2 gene. This gene has been shown to have a 2-3 fold excess risk for breast cancer. There are many CHEK2 mutations that have been identified that generally fall into …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/8nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

NCCN Guidelines Version 1.2017: Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian

Additional guidance pertaining to cancer risk management was provided in the most recent version of the NCCN Guidelines for inherited breast and ovarian cancer. These guidelines now include an expanded table outlining cancer risks and management for each gene, taking into account the age at initiation of each risk management modality as well as footnotes …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2017

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at the Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Q. Does salpingo-oophorectomy reduce the risk of breast …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/7nlw2017/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

Practice Guideline Updates for NCCN Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) is a network of oncology healthcare providers who work together to develop best practice guidelines for the delivery of cancer care. Given the increasing use of testing for mutations in several inherited cancer genes at one time (called “multi-gene panel testing”), the Breast/Ovarian and Colorectal Panels sought to provide …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

CHEK2 *1100delC Mutation Carriers: Breast Cancer Risk by Age and Tumor Type and Other Associated Cancer Risks

The CHEK2 *1100delC mutation is the most common “truncating” mutation (causing a shortened protein) in the CHEK2 gene among Europeans, with lifetime breast cancer risk in the range of 20-30% among female carriers. Results of data pooled from over 30 studies which included 40,000 breast cancer cases and 40,000 controls, showed that estrogen receptor (ER) …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2016

Risk of Second Cancers Among Those with PTEN Mutations

A recently published study to evaluate the risk of second cancers among PTEN mutation carriers showed that women with breast cancer had a 10-year second breast cancer cumulative risk of almost 30%. Overall, the risk of second primary cancers was almost 8-fold that of the general population, primarily due to the higher risks of cancer …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/8nls2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

Improving Our Understanding of Cancer Risks Among Individuals with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome

A recent study from France included over 400 patients with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (all of whom had an inherited TP53 gene mutation). Cancer types among children and adults differed, with the main cancer types among children being osteosarcomas, adrenocortical carcinomas, central nervous system (CNS) tumors and soft tissue sarcomas; whereas among adults, the main cancer types …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2016

How Much Does Age at First Breast Cancer Affect the Risk of Contralateral Breast Cancer Risk in BRCA Carriers?

A recently published study of Dutch patients (including 200 BRCA1 carriers, 71 BRCA2 carriers, and 6023 non-carriers) showed that the contralateral breast cancer (breast cancer in the opposite breast) risks at 10 years was 21.1% for BRCA1, 10.8% for BRCA2, and 5.1% for non-carriers. Among BRCA mutation carriers, it was important to take age at …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2016/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

The Rapid Pace of Discovering More Inherited Cancer Genes Continues

Over the last few months, a number of additional genes associated with inherited cancer predisposition have been identified. A few of these genes include: 1) the RECQL gene which appears to be another rare gene involved in inherited breast cancer1; 2) the SMAD9 gene associated with hamartomatous polyposis and ganglioneuromas of the intestinal tract2; 3) …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

Location and Type of BRCA1/2 Mutation May Impact Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risks

A study of almost 20,000 BRCA1 carriers and 12,000 BRCA2 carriers demonstrated differences in breast and ovarian cancer risks depending on the location and type of mutation. Although all regions are associated with increased risk for breast and ovarian cancers among BRCA1/2 carriers, there were specific regions that were associated with even higher cancer risks. …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

Breast Cancer Risks and Outcomes Among Women with a PALB2 Mutation

Through a recent study of over 12,000 Polish women with breast cancer, PALB2 mutations were detected in almost 1%.  In this study, about one third of those with a PALB2 mutation had triple negative (lacking estrogen, progesterone and HER2 receptors) breast cancer and the average age at breast cancer diagnosis was 53.3 years.  Breast tumors …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2015

2015 NCCN Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Breast and Ovarian Management Based on Genetic Test Resultsa   Recommend Breast MRIc (>20% lifetime risk of breast cancerd) Recommend Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy Discuss Option of Risk-reducing mastectomy Intervention warranted based on gene and/or risk level ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, CHEK2, PALB2, PTEN, STK11, TP53 BRCA1, BRCA2, Lynch syndromee BRCA1, BRCA2, CDH1, PTEN, TP53 Insufficient evidence …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nls2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

Highlights of the 2014 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Update

Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian Guidelines For breast cancer screening in BRCA carriers, yearly MRI is recommended starting at age 25; mammograms may be considered in instances where MRI is unavailable or individualized based on earliest age of onset in the family. From age 30-75, annual mammogram and breast MRI is recommended.  Above age …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

PALB2: A Third Important Gene for Inherited Breast Cancer

Following the publication of an important article in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) in August 2014, germline PALB2 gene mutations were confirmed as the third most important gene for inherited breast cancer, following BRCA1 and BRCA2.1 PALB2 stands for “partner and localizer of BRCA2” and is located on chromosome 16. Studies suggest that PALB2 mutations …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2015

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed to Dr. Steven Narod who is a Tier I Canada Research Chair in Breast Cancer and a senior scientist at Women’s College Research Institute in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Narod is a world-leader in the field of breast and ovarian cancer genetics. Over the course of his career, he has profoundly shaped …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2015/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

Is Breast Cancer Risk Affected by Timing of Oral Contraceptives in BRCA1 Carriers?

Although oral contraceptives (OC) reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in BRCA carriers,1 it is possible that they may raise breast cancer risk. Thus it is important to understand whether age at OC use is a factor when determining impact on breast cancer risk. To address this question, a recent study (which included data from …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2014

What Are Factors That Modify Cancer Risk in BRCA Carriers?

Since the discovery of the BRCA genes about two decades ago, a number of studies have reported on factors that may modify cancer risks in those who carry gene mutations. Recently, results of previously published studies were collected through a comprehensive literature review to estimate the overall effects of various risk modifiers in BRCA carriers. …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Tamoxifen May Reduce Contralateral Breast Cancer Risk in BRCA Carriers

There have been suggestions that Tamoxifen may reduce risks for contralateral breast cancer (i.e., breast cancer in the other breast) in BRCA carriers if taken after the initial breast cancer diagnosis, based mainly on retrospective studies. Only one prospective study has looked at this question, and showed that Tamoxifen may be useful in BRCA2, but …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/2nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Laronga who is a breast surgeon based at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. What are the risks of breast cancer after ovarian cancer in BRCA carriers? What risk management options are recommended? A. BRCA carriers remain at a higher risk of breast cancer, even after having ovarian cancer; …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2014

Contralateral Mastectomy May Improve Survival in BRCA Mutation Carriers

It has been established that women who carry a germline BRCA mutation face breast cancer risks of 60-70% in their lifetime. After an initial breast cancer diagnosis, these women face a high risk for contralateral breast cancer. Some women with BRCA mutations move forward with contralateral mastectomy when they develop their first breast cancer diagnosis (as …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/1nlw2014/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Guidelines for Inherited Breast and Ovarian Cancer and Implications to the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Recently, the USPSTF released updated draft guidelines in April 2013 (from those previously published in 2005) for inherited breast and ovarian cancer due to germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations.1 USPSTF is comprised of primary care providers who review the available literature and issue guidelines about risk assessment, testing and management based on available evidence. …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Oophorectomy Following Menopause

Prior studies have indicated that removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes reduces the ovarian cancer risk by ~80% and breast cancer risk by ~50%, particularly when performed pre-menopausally. However a recent case control study of 2854 pairs of women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation with or without breast cancer showed that the risk …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/5nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2013

Ask the Expert

The following question was addressed by Dr. Pal, who is a Clinical Geneticist based at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. Does exposure to radiation increase breast cancer risk in BRCA mutation carriers? A. A number of studies have been conducted to evaluate whether BRCA mutation carriers may be more prone to radiation-induced breast cancer than …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/6nls2013/

ICARE Newsletter Winter 2013

Is Lynch Syndrome Associated with Breast Cancer?

The cancer spectrum typically seen in individuals with Lynch Syndrome includes cancers of the colon, endometrium, ovary, stomach, and other cancers (including cancer of the renal pelvis, ureter, small bowel and pancreas).  The issue of whether breast cancer risk is elevated in those with Lynch syndrome has been controversial, with conflicting results between various studies.  …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nlw2013/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

Ask the Expert: What are the risks of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on breast cancer risk in women with BRCA mutations?

The following questions were addressed by Drs. Pal and Lancaster at the Moffitt Cancer Center: Q. What are the risks of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on breast cancer risk in women with BRCA mutations? A. Concern about HRT in BRCA carriers is its potential to raise the risk of breast cancer, as seen in the …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/4nls2012/

ICARE Newsletter Summer 2012

New Study Suggests Breast Cancer Risk for Non-Carriers of Family-Specific BRCA Mutations Is Not Increased

Data from a population-based study was recently reported to estimate breast cancer risk among family members who tested negative for a known BRCA1/2 family mutation (i.e., non-carriers). The study included 3047 women diagnosed with breast cancer. Results from the study indicated there was no increased risk for breast cancer in non-carriers as compared to family …

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Permanent link to this article: https://inheritedcancer.net/3nls2012/